To avoid swimming when fishing from the boat, the fisherman requires accuracy and care. Tackles and accessories necessary for fishing, keep on hand, laying them along the side and on the bottom of the boat behind you, and everything else on the stern seat.
While fishing, do not rush. If you need to change the place, do it by crouching and holding onto the seat or the side of the boat, do not bend over the side. Do not forget to take a lifebuoy or a vest.
When working with spinning, take a safe and comfortable position, facing the bow or stern, slightly spreading your legs. Bring the anchor only from the bow or stern of the boat, pull out crouching, gently. It happens that the anchor hooks on underwater objects: with a sudden latch, with a strong tug or break of the anchor rope, it's no surprise to fly out of the boat.
If the boat with the motor, install it strictly along the longitudinal axis of the boat. Regularly scoop out the boat leaked water. Do not stand in the boat while driving. Decrease the speed of the bends. Carefully look ahead, at the rate of movement: everything, even small, floating objects must bypass. Before starting the turn, make sure there are no ships at the rear. Do not cross the course to large ships and boats - this is strictly prohibited. Countertrains are bypassed from the side, which they show with flashlights or flags, keeping the distance not less than 15 m from the side. When overtaking large vessels, do not come closer than 25-30 meters. Carefully bypass anchored vessels, rafts and buoys, so as not to hook the propeller over the anchor chains. At night, drive at low speed, have side lights in accordance with the rules of navigation.
With increased excitement, keep the boat in the waveform - nose to wind. If the shore is close, take cover on the leeward side, in the bay, in the bay.
If fuel has run out in the tank, mounted on the engine itself, do not fill it until the engine cools down. Do not get lost if the motor is engulfed by a flame. Quickly cover it with a canvas cover, rag or your own quilted jacket. If the flame did not manage to be knocked down, immediately leave the boat, otherwise you can suffer from splinters of an exploded petrol tank.
During a thunderstorm it is safer to be on the shore under a bush or a low tree. If the storm caught you on the water, lay the oars in the boat, without removing it from the oarlocks, sink to the bottom, hide the raincoat from the rain and wait for the bad weather.
Remember that in case of an accident, the boat first lies on its side, and then turns upside down. It is pointless to climb onto a turned boat, it is unstable and will inevitably topple over. If you do not know how to swim, do not lose self-control: grab the boat from the bow or stern and, with your hand, feet, try to bring it to the shallow place. An overturned boat can save several people; You only need to gently hold onto the stern or nose of the boat, plunging into the water to the chin. If the boat overturned on the river edge, hold onto the boat and wait for the nearest shoal.
With the onset of winter on fishing, the first ice is very dangerous. It is not surprising to be in the water. Therefore, we must wait until it acquires the necessary strength. On ice, you can move freely if its thickness is 4-5 cm. Thin ice crunches under your feet like a parquet that has cracked. If the surface of the ice is not covered with snow, you can observe how radial cracks diverging in all directions are formed under the feet. If there are also ring cracks on the ice, it means that its strength is at the limit and it can break at any moment.
Milky, white, ice is twice as weak as the transparent one. It forms during the frosty weather with snowfalls and is a frozen snowflake, such ice breaks without a warning crackle. The frosty ice - the snow that has frozen during the blizzard - is even more unstable. Sites of such ice must by all means be bypassed.
It happens that after severe frosts a long thaw occurs, the ice becomes unstable, broken by the wind, refers to the shore. There are formed his disorderly heaps. When the ice turns colder, the ice floes unevenly, and sometimes they are only fastened with thin fresh ice. These places are especially dangerous, since the ice breaks suddenly, and the ice floes turn upside down.
The strength of ice decreases sharply with increasing temperature. For example, the strength of ice for bending at a temperature of 0 ° C is 10-12 times less than at a temperature of minus 5 ° C. In stable frosty weather, ice with a thickness of 4-5 cm can withstand one person; thickness of 8 cm - two people standing next to each other. Small groups of 5-7 people can be collected on ice, if its thickness is not less than 12 cm.
In most parts of the country, cars leaving for the ice, except for those designated for traffic, are strictly prohibited. On the cars "Zhiguli", "Zaporozhets" and "Moskvich" you can move on ice at least 15 cm thick, on the "Volga" - at least 20 cm (we are talking only about clear ice).
For access to the ice, choose areas that are not covered with snow and located on the shallows. On the first ice, do not hurry, check the path ahead in front of you. Do not go near the reeds and snags - about them the ice is weaker.
Hearing a warning rush of ice, do not stop: do not tear your feet off the ice surface, step back, and if there is a known reliable area near the front, go forward as quickly as possible.
Do not walk on the weak ice in single file: it happens that the person following falls through. Increase your attention when driving on snow-covered ice - it's easy to get into the rut, barely covered with ice film and powdered with snow.
Return to shore with an old, proven path.
Spring ice is also cunning, does not forgive the slightest oversight. With the same thickness, it is several times weaker than the winter one. As the temperature rises, the ice thaws from above and below, especially in the current. Ice is very dangerous in the thickets of reeds, cattails, driftwood and flooded shrubs: it does not stand the angler and breaks suddenly, without crackling.
Dangerous ice holes and lanes, made by fishermen to run and pull seines and nets, which do not immediately freeze and are masked by fallen snow.
Do not go out on the ice anywhere. First, look around and figure out how the situation can change during a warm spring day. Make a place to go to the ice and return to shore. It's safer than ice near steep banks, in clean places and in the shade. Before the piston check its strength.
During the movement, feel the ice in front of you. Especially prudent should be after the spring snowfall, when it is covered with snow. Dangerous and dubious places must be avoided.
You can not go to the floating ice ice: at any moment it can move and be shattered into small unstable ice floes.
In the first and in the spring, one should not go fishing alone. To be ready to come to the rescue of those in need, you must have a cord 10-15 m long with an end weight. If there were no ropes, you can crawl to the polynya and crawl to the injured peasant, the strap from the fishing box, the trouser belt, etc. Do not cut holes more than 5 m from a neighbor.
Once in the water, do not try, act calmly, without hurrying, but also not slykaya, so as not to get wet clothes; rest your feet in the opposite edge of the ice, get out of the polynyas and, without getting up, roll aside. Try to get to the shelter faster and dry yourself. If it is far away, build a fire.
Do not leave after yourself on the ice scraps of paper, cans, scraps, cigarette butts. Sinking to the bottom, the metal rusts, paper and food waste decompose and poison the bottom layers of water and the bottom soil. They are dying, larvae are not lodging here, the crayfish are food for fish. Fish and nothing to eat, and it's hard to breathe in the rotten water.
The most terrible enemy of the inhabitant of the underwater world (as, indeed, all living things) is nicotine. The cigarette butt, getting into the water, poisons it, which negatively affects all underwater inhabitants. If we consider that about a fourth of the fishermen are smokers and each of them leaves at least 10 cigarette butts in the water for a day, then we can imagine what a huge harm they will bring underwater living organisms.