For a walk on the water, it's enough to bring a boat to the shore, fill it with air and do not care about anything else while on the water. But to choose the right inflatable boat you need very carefully.

The design of an inflatable boat is one of the most perfect, existing in nature. Such boats can be walking, fishing, they are used by water-skiers, rescuers and scuba divers. Large ships have on board inflatable traveling ships of a smaller size. Inflatable boats are exceptionally safe, stable and effective on water. Because inflatable boats are lighter than their rigid counterparts, a motor of lower power is always enough to move your boat to more pleasure and save fuel. An inflatable boat is an excellent solution for outdoor recreation. Think only: regardless of the destination, you can always reach the destination with a universal and light inflatable boat. But to choose the right inflatable boat you need to carefully. First of all, answer yourself to a number of questions: 

What will the inflatable boat be used for? 
How will the inflatable boat be kept? 
How often is it supposed to pump a boat and let air out of it? 
What is the main purpose of the purchased boat: family vacation, fishing, sports? 
Motor, what power is needed to operate your boat?
 

Assuming that you have already thought out the answers to all these questions, we will draw your attention to a number of constructive features that will help you make the right decision and buy the best and most suitable boat for you. Fabrics It seems that the most important in everything regarding inflatable boats is the material, which is made of air cylinders. In addition, without special materials inflatable motor boats would not exist at all. Generally speaking, there are two main types of materials used to make inflatable boats: fabrics are covered with haypalon or polyvinylchloride (PVC). Hypalon is an artificial rubber-like material patented by DuPont.

It can be used as a waterproofing coating, for laying on the roof of the house, and for making cable sheaths and in many other situations where other materials are unsuitable due to high temperatures, exposure to oils, ozone, sand, gasoline or ultraviolet radiation from the sun. It is thanks to the exceptional properties of haypalon that many manufacturers of inflatable boats choose this material for the manufacture of air cylinders of inflatable boats. In order to cover the inner surface of air cylinders, neoprene is often used, which, over the past 70 years, since its invention, has deservedly earned a reputation as an absolutely airtight material resistant to petroleum products (in fact, most of the most famous manufacturers of inflatable boats use a combination of high-flown and neoprene).

However, neoprene and haypalon do not have sufficient strength and are used as a coating for materials that perform the function of the carrier web and are made of polyester or nylon. This ensures the necessary strength of the entire structure of the vessel, which retains its shape for many years. The best and most durable material is obtained from neoprene in conjunction with haypalon and polyester (or nylon). That is why, probably, both the US Navy and their Coast Guard Forces have chosen haypalon as a cover for their inflatable boats. It is not difficult to find an inflatable boat from haypalon for yourself recently, even for the most difficult conditions of operation.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or PVC) Synthetic fabrics coated with PVCs generally constitute a group of materials called "vinyl polymers" that are marketed under the trademarks "Strongan", "Duratex 1000" or PVC. Woven fabrics covered with PVCs serve as a supporting base and are most often made of polyester or nylon, which provides the material with strength and abrasion resistance. An important advantage of materials from PVC is their comparative ease, the ability to vulcanize at the seams and, importantly, polychlorvinyl is produced in a variety of colors. At the same time, we can not fail to mention the comparative laboriousness of repairing products made of PVC with respect to haypalon, for example, and, in addition, PVC materials do not have sufficient resistance to chemicals, gasoline, high temperatures, abrasion and UV light. Seams An important issue in the acquisition of an inflatable boat is the method of making seams. Seams can be made by butting together with overlays, overlapping, vulcanization, ultrasonic welding or gluing. Seams usually have stickers of the same material inside the product, either on the outside or on both sides. However, there are seams and without stickers. All the mentioned methods of making seams have their advantages and disadvantages.

Three factors determine the choice of the method of making the seam:

1. How are air cylinders made? Cylinders are made by gluing the canvas overlapping or butt-end. The butt joint requires a more accurate trimming of the material and marking of the patterns of the cylinders so that their seams come into contact with each other, and not overlap. The method of making butt joints is more complicated, but the result will be a more attractive product, without the possibility of air leakage at the seams. The overlap is used in cases where the diameters of the air cylinders ("pipes") are indeed different. This way of gluing allows you to produce a variety of types of cylinders quickly and reliably. However, the "overlap" connection tends to allow some air to pass, since air bubbles might have fallen into the seams being pasted together.

2.How are individual cylinders (pipes) connected together? Pipes can be glued, vulcanized or welded by ultrasound. Glued stitches. Gluing is the oldest and most common way of combining materials with a coating of haypalon and neoprene. The chemical composition of the adhesive is similar to certain characteristics of the materials to be glued, and therefore the bonding site is sufficiently firm and airtight. Chemical engineers have proven by lengthy tests that the glued niprene and haypalon seams are so strong that the material itself will probably be wiped out rather than a glued joint. However, the increased cost of the "glued" inflatable boats is justified by the comparatively higher laboriousness of making joints by gluing. It should be borne in mind that materials coated with PVC, it is not recommended to join by gluing. Vulcanisation or UHF welding is applicable for the manufacture of joints of materials coated with PVC. Both these methods "dissolve" the material, which becomes a single whole when the joints cool down. Sutures are extremely durable, but this method is difficult to apply outside the workshop. An obvious advantage of these methods is the possibility of automation of the welding process (vulcanization), which ultimately leads to a reduction in the price of the finished product.

3.Why are additional labels applied to the seam? Manufacturers often glue on the seams inside, outside or on both sides additional strips of material ("seam" tape). Seams can also be without seam tape. The application of an additional strip of material to the seam from inside the boat provides an additional contact surface with the balloon, no matter how the seam is made. The manufacturer can glue tapes and on the seam from the outside, which protects the seam from rupture during abrasion. The outer seam improves the appearance of the glued joint and the inflatable boat as a whole. What type of inflatable boat to choose? There is a great variety of inflatable boat designs for a wide variety of applications. Boat - most often a small inflatable boat with a hinged transom that can walk under the oars or sometimes under a light motor, if at all the motor can be put on it. These boats are usually cheap and ideal for one or two people who want to buy an inexpensive and light inflatable for short distances. Sports inflatables have a strong transom (usually wood or fiberglass), a strong floor (deck), and flexible (inflatable) or rigid (wooden) keels. The floor of the boat can be made of multilayer plywood, from composite materials, fiberglass or aluminum.

Inflatable boats of this type can walk under oars or under sail, but most often they are fitted with a motor. After removing the floor, the boat can easily be folded for storage and transportation. Such inflatable boats are best suited to people who like long trips to water or to explore remote water areas inaccessible to large ships. Inflatable boats with the bottom of Roll Up, they have a solid trench, but the boat can be rolled together with the floor. Such boats usually have a flexible keel, and you can walk on them under oars, under sail or with a outboard motor. The properties of these boats are the same as those of sports boats, with the addition of simple assembly and ease of storage. The disadvantage is the impossibility of installing a heavy-duty outboard motor. Inflatable boats with flexible floor (deck) Air Deck usually have a hard transom, floor (deck) - removable or non-removable inflatable. Some have a flexible keel, while some do not. The main advantage of such boats is a reduced weight compared to all other types of inflatable boats with exceptional ease of assembly and storage. They are an excellent way to relax in nature and especially for those cases when there will be no one to help pull the boat out of the water. At the same time, since the floor in such boats is soft enough, it is not recommended to use such boats for any serious work or for transportation. Boats with a rigid overhead bottom (RIB-boats) - a special kind of inflatable vessels, combining the rigidity of traditional boats and the unsinkability of inflatables. The main advantage of such boats is a reduced weight compared to all other types of inflatable boats with exceptional ease of assembly and storage. They are an excellent way to relax in nature and especially for those cases when there will be no one to help pull the boat out of the water. At the same time, since the floor in such boats is soft enough, it is not recommended to use such boats for any serious work or for transportation. Boats with a rigid overhead bottom (RIB-boats) - a special kind of inflatable vessels, combining the rigidity of traditional boats and the unsinkability of inflatables. The main advantage of such boats is a reduced weight compared to all other types of inflatable boats with exceptional ease of assembly and storage. They are an excellent way to relax in nature and especially for those cases when there will be no one to help pull the boat out of the water. At the same time, since the floor in such boats is soft enough, it is not recommended to use such boats for any serious work or for transportation. Boats with a rigid overhead bottom (RIB-boats) - a special kind of inflatable vessels, combining the rigidity of traditional boats and the unsinkability of inflatables. since the floor in such boats is soft enough, it is not recommended to use such boats for any serious work or for transportation. Boats with a rigid overhead bottom (RIB-boats) - a special kind of inflatable vessels, combining the rigidity of traditional boats and the unsinkability of inflatables. since the floor in such boats is soft enough, it is not recommended to use such boats for any serious work or for transportation. Boats with a rigid overhead bottom (RIB-boats) - a special kind of inflatable vessels, combining the rigidity of traditional boats and the unsinkability of inflatables.

The pipes of RIB-boats are inflatable and flexible, while the keel is rigid, made of aluminum, fiberglass or polyethylene. RIB-boats have the most diverse design and are equipped with control cabinets and even water jet engines. Some RIB-boats have built-in fuel tanks, seats, chests and even shower cabins. However, due to the fact that they can not just be rolled up and put in a corner, they need more storage space and a car trailer for transportation. However, the main advantage of this class of vessels are excellent speed characteristics and unsurpassed seaworthiness. They can be seen everywhere - from the Coast Guard and the Ministry of Emergency Situations to Camel Trophy.